Kilimanjaro, with its 3 volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is an inactive volcano in north-eastern Tanzania rising 4,600 m (15,092 ft) from its base and is additionally the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 metres (19,341 ft, Kibo).
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In 1849, the German missionary Johannes Rebmann was laughed at when he returned to Europe with the report of a giant snow-covered mountain in the heart of the African savannah, at the equator.
Ernest Hemingway wrote a famous 1952 story entitled "The Snows of Kilimanjaro". Since then, there has been marked retreat of the glaciers, with the most recent ice cap volume dropping by more than 80%. By 2020, the glaciers will likely be gone due to melting.
The savannah has an average temperature of 86 F while the Mount Kilimanjaro summit temperature is around 32 F (0 C).
Mount Kilimanjaro. Wikipedia.
Colonialism and the 'scramble for Africa' - CNN.com http://goo.gl/pRwJ
Nyiragongo Crater: Journey to the Center of the World - The Big Picture - Boston.com.