A bread machine or breadmaker is a home appliance for baking bread. It consists of a bread pan (or "tin") with a paddle mounted in the center, in a small special-purpose oven, with a control panel. While most bread machines have different cycles for different kinds of dough (including straight white bread, whole grain, European-style (sometimes labelled "French"), and dough-only (for pizza dough and shaped loaves baked in the oven), many also have a timer to allow the bread machine to activate without operator attendance.
The first breadmaker was released in Japan in 1986 by the Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. (now Panasonic). A decade later they had become popular in the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States. While not viable for commercial use due to the fixed loaf shape and the limited duty cycle, bread machines often produce the best results when dealing with kneaded doughs.
To create a loaf of bread, ingredients are measured into the bread pan in a specified order (usually liquids first, with solid ingredients layered on top) and the pan is then placed in the breadmaker. The order of ingredients is important because the instant yeast used in breadmakers is activated by contact with water, so the yeast and the water must be kept apart until the program starts.
The machine takes a few hours to make a loaf of bread, first by turning the ingredients into dough using the paddle, proofing the loaf utilizing ideal temperature control, then baking the loaf. Once the bread has been baked, the pan is extracted from the breadmaker and the bread freed from the pan. The paddle, now at the bottom of the loaf, is removed, leaving a small paddle-shaped indentation or hole. The shape of the finished loaf is often considered unusual, with many early bread machines producing a vertically-oriented, square or cylindrical loaf very different from commercial breads; however, more recent units generally have a more traditional-appearing horizontal pan.
Bread machine recipes are often somewhat smaller than standard bread recipes, and are sometimes standardized based on the capacity of the machine's pan; most common in the United States market are 1.5lb/700g units, and the majority of recipes are written for that capacity; however, 2lb/900g units are not uncommon as well. Packaged bread mixes are available, specifically designed for breadmakers, containing premeasured ingredients including flour and yeast, as well as flavorings and occasionally dough conditioners. Only water usually needs to be added. Bread machines generally do not deal well with non-wheat flours, so any recipe that requires a substantial addition of a grain such as rye or corn that lacks gluten will prove difficult at best in a bread machine, as will any dough with unusually large amounts of liquid (such as ciabatta).
How to make bread with a breadmaker machine - this recipe applies to the following model: Sunbeam 5891 2-Pound Programmable Breadmaker
Take a measuring cup. Pour water in the cup to the measure of "1 cup and 2 grades". Pour the water in the breadmaker container, add olive oil - approximately 1 tablespoon.
Dry the measuring cup with a cloth. Add "3 and 1/3 grades" of flour to the measure cup. Add a little of flaxseed flour.
Pour the flour from the measuring cup to the metal container of the breadmaker. Put the container in the breadmaker machine.
Make a central indentation in the flour in the metal cup. Add 1/2 teaspoon of salt in the indentation. Add 1 and 1/2 teaspoon of yeast in the indentation.
Press "start". Remove the cup after the beeping signal (after approximately 3 hours).References:
Bread machine. Wikipedia.